List of Breeders
Code of Ethics
Official Standard for the Miniature Schnauzer
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Miniature Schnauzer Standard.
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GENERAL APPEARANCE - The Miniature Schnauzer is a
robust, active dog of terrier type, resembling his larger
cousin, the Standard Schnauzer, in general appearance, and of an
alert, active disposition. Faults: Type - toyishness, ranginess
SIZE, PROPORTION, SUBSTANCE. Size - From 12 to 14
inches. He is sturdily built, nearly square in proportion of
body length to height with plenty of bone, and without any
suggestion of toyishness. Disqualifications - dogs or bitches
under 12 inches or over 14 inches.
HEAD. Eyes - Small, dark brown and deepset. They are
oval in appearance and keen in expression. Faults: - Eyes light
and/or large and prominent in appearance. Ears - When cropped,
the ears are identical in shape and length with pointed tips.
They are in balance with the head and not exaggerated in length.
They are set high on the skull and carried perpendicularly at
the inner edges, with as little bell as possible along the outer
edges. When uncropped, the ears are small and V-shaped, folding
close to the skull. Head - Strong and rectangular, its width
diminishing slightly from ears to eyes, and again to the tip of
the nose. The forehead is unwrinkled. The topskull is flat and
fairly long. The foreface is parallel to the topskull, with a
slight stop, and it is at least as long as the topskull. The
muzzle is strong in proportion to the skull; it ends in a
moderately blunt manner, with thick whiskers which accentuate
the rectangular shape of the head. Faults - Head coarse and
The teeth meet in a scissors bite. That is, the upper front
teeth overlap the lower front teeth in such a manner that the
inner surface of the upper incisors barely touch the outer
surface of the lower incisors when the mouth is closed. Faults -
Bite - Undershot or overshot jaw. Level bite.
NECK, TOPLINE, BODY. Neck - Strong and well arched,
blending into the shoulders, and with the skin fitting tightly
at the throat. Body - Short and deep, with the brisket extending
at least to the elbows. Ribs are well sprung and deep, extending
well back to a short loin. The underbody does not present a
tucked up appearance at the flank. The backline is straight; it
declines slightly from the withers to the base of the tail. The
withers form the highest point of the body. The overall length
from chest to buttock appears to equal the height at the
withers. Faults - Chest too broad or shallow in brisket. Hollow
or roach back. Tail - Set high and carried erect. It is docked
only long enough to be clearly visible over the backline of the
body when the dog is in proper length of coat. Fault - Tail set
FOREQUARTERS - Forelegs are straight and parallel when
viewed from all sides. They have strong pasterns and good bone.
They are separated by a fairly deep brisket which precludes a
pinched front. The elbows are close, and the ribs spread
gradually from the first rib so as to allow space for the elbows
to move close to the body. Fault - Loose elbows. The sloping
shoulders are muscled, yet flat and clean. They are well laid
back, so that from the side the tips of the shoulder blades are
in a nearly vertical line above the elbow. The tips of the
blades are placed closely together. They slope forward and
downward at an angulation which permits the maximum forward
extension of the forelegs without binding or effort. Both the
shoulder blades and upper arms are long, permitting depth of
chest at the brisket. Feet - Short and round (cat feet) with
thick, black pads. The toes are arched and compact.
HINDQUARTERS - The hindquarters have strong-muscled,
slanting thighs. They are well bent at the stifles. There is
sufficient angulation so that, in stance, the hocks extend
beyond the tail. The hindquarters never appear overbuilt or
higher than the shoulders. The rear pasterns are short and, in
stance, perpendicular to the ground and, when viewed from the
rear, are parallel to each other. Faults - Sickle hocks, cow
hocks, open hocks or bowed hindquarters.
COAT - Double, with hard, wiry, outer coat and close
undercoat. The head, neck, ears, chest, tail, and body coat must
be plucked. When in show condition, the body coat should be of
sufficient length to determine texture. Close covering on neck,
ears, and skull. Furnishings are fairly thick but not silky.
Faults - Coat too soft or too smooth and slick in appearance.
COLOR - The recognized colors are salt and pepper,
black and silver and solid black. All colors have uniform skin
pigmentation, i.e. no white or pink skin patches shall appear
anywhere on the dog. Salt and Pepper - The typical salt and
pepper color of the topcoat results from the combination of
black and white banded hairs and solid black and white unbanded
hairs, with the banded hairs predominating. Acceptable are all
shades of salt and pepper, from the light to dark mixtures with
tan shadings permissible in the banded or unbanded hair of the
topcoat. In salt and pepper dogs, the salt and pepper mixture fades
out to light gray or silver white in the eyebrows, whiskers,
cheeks, under throat, inside ears, across chest, under tail, leg
furnishings, and inside hind legs. It may or may not also fade
out on the underbody. However, if so, the lighter underbody hair
is not to rise higher on the sides of the body than the front
elbows. Black and Silver - The black and silver generally
follows the same pattern as the salt and pepper. The entire salt
and pepper section must be black. The black color in the topcoat
of the black and silver is a true rich color with black
undercoat. The stripped portion is free from any fading or brown
tinge and the underbody should be dark. Black - Black is the
only solid color allowed. Ideally, the black color in the
topcoat is a true rich glossy color with the undercoat being
less intense, a soft matting shade of black. This is natural and
should not be penalized in any way. The stripped portion is free
from any fading or brown tinge. The scissored and clippered
areas have lighter shades of black. A small white spot on the
chest is permitted, as is an occasional single white hair
elsewhere on the body.
Disqualifications - Color solid white or white striping,
patching, or spotting on the colored areas of the dog, except
for the small white spot permitted on the chest of the black.
The body coat color in salt and pepper and black and silver dogs
fades out to light gray or silver white under the throat and
across the chest. Between them there exists a natural body coat
color. Any irregular or connecting blaze or white mark in this
section is considered a white patch on the body, which is also a
GAIT - The trot is the gait at which movement is
judged. When approaching, the forelegs, with elbows close to the
body, move straight forward, neither too close nor too far
apart. Going away, the hind legs are straight and travel in the
same planes as the forelegs.
Note - It is generally accepted that when a full trot is
achieved, the rear legs continue to move in the same planes as
the forelegs, but a very slight inward inclination will occur.
It begins at the point of the shoulder in front and at the hip
joint in the rear. Viewed from the front or rear, the legs are
straight from these points to the pads. The degree of inward
inclination is almost imperceptible in a Miniature Schnauzer
that has correct movement. It does not justify moving close,
toeing in, crossing, or moving out at the elbows.
Viewed from the side, the forelegs have good reach, while the
hind legs have strong drive, with good pickup of hocks. The feet
turn neither inward nor outward. Faults - Single tracking,
sidegaiting, paddling in front, or hackney action. Weak rear
TEMPERAMENT - The typical Miniature Schnauzer is alert
and spirited, yet obedient to command. He is friendly,
intelligent and willing to please. He should never be
overaggressive or timid.
DISQUALIFICATIONS - Dogs or bitches under 12 inches or
over 14 inches. Color solid white or white striping, patching,
or spotting on the colored areas of the dog, except for the
small white spot permitted on the chest of the black. The body
coat color in salt and pepper and black and silver fades out to
light gray or silver white under the throat and across the
chest. Between them there exists a natural body coat color. Any
irregular or connecting blaze or white mark in this section is
considered a white patch on the body, which is also a
Approved January 25, 1991 - Effective February 27, 1991
Copyright 1969, 1979, 1991, 1995 American Miniature
Schnauzer Club, Inc. All rights reserved.